Science and Technology in years have grown in relevance and has groomed a great width in its dynamics in the civil services examination. The role that general science plays in day to day life and hence with the development of the system has been marked majorly in both the pattern of UPSC Civil services exams that is prelims and mains. Thus, science and technology and general science have developed as a core prospect in the success story of the aspirants.


The preparation for Science and Technology section is quite different. First things first, finding the right study material is still a problem. Piling up a huge stock of books and resources available in the market and cramming them up is NOT a solution .

For scoring well in Science and Technology section of IAS Prelims 2016, you would first need to analyse the kind of questions that UPSC asks. Mostly, all of the questions from Science and Technology section are analytical/conceptual in nature. A lot of them hold relevance because of the events going on around us.

So, current affairs across the world goes in-sync with your conceptual knowledge. All you need here is the right approach.

So what is the correct approach?

We suggest you to strengthen your basics first .

Take up NCERT textbooks and go through them. Focus on the science behind various natural phenomenon. This would make your learning more fun as well.
Go through previously asked questions from the Science & Technology section and understand which topics are more relevant and frequently asked.
Prioritise your study plan based on that.

While you are preparing, make sure you stick to the basics only. If you don’t understand concepts well enough from NCERTs, you may look it up on the internet.

But do not spend too much time understanding the concepts in great details. Remember, you don’t need to hold a doctorate before writing the exam. You have various other sections to cover as well. So, do NOT waste your time.

Keep a tab of what is happening in India & around the World
If you analyse previous years’ question papers thoroughly, and research them on google, you’d see that those questions were asked simply because it was in the news. For instance, there were questions on Higgs Boson, Graphene, Neutrino’s.

A good way to start is to simply look at the list of Nobel Prize winners and look up their area of work. You may get questions simply based on that.

Focus on what is happening in India that is relevant to the field of Science and Technology. Follow ISRO, DRDO, Ministry of Science & Technology and what they do. The best way to do that is to religiously follow Science & Technology section of ‘The Hindu’. While you are at it, just remember that you don’t have to follow only the facts & events. Look for the issues they are dealing with, problems they faced, the relevance of breakthroughs made. If you don’t understand anything, there is always INTERNET.

Just remember that you don’t have to go in great details.

Practice & Evaluate

Like always, we can’t undermine the importance of practising and evaluating yourself. Pick up a decent test series and keep practising. You may come across new questions that you might have overlooked while preparing. Also, it minimises your chances of making silly mistakes in the actual exam.

The preparation of Science & Technology thus involves a 3-pronged strategy.

Step 1: Building Your Basics

Step 2: Interlinking your understanding to events around the world

Step 3: Evaluating yourself

NOTE: Those with Non Science background have no reason to be scared of Science & Technology Section. You can always take the help of Internet, your own friends but make sure that it is very essential to make concise notes in your own language.

Let us know if there are any queries in the comments section below.

Understanding the concept of general science and applying dynamics with science and technology brings forth a challenging aspect of the subject. Therefore, the study of science and technology needs in-depth coverage of the concepts with tedious outlook of the vast applied and current topics.

Although understanding science is as easier as other subjects, but a vacuum of proper directions makes the aspirants fear the most for the subject.

How to deal with Science & Technology

What adds more problems to deal with Science & Technology is its dynamic nature in the examination. Since, science and technology is a dynamic subject to deal with, the strategy to tackle it should include a broad dimension of study and a continuous interlinking of the subject. Every year new aspects are targeted in the subject, which makes the relevance of current affairs more prominent for the subject.

But, as with the every other subjects the concepts in General Science and Science & Technology remains unchanged.

The winning strategy for Science and Technology comes from a triumph over the concepts of the subject. Once, the very basic concepts of Science &Technology are indulged in the thought process interlinking the current affairs becomes as easy as drinking a glass of water.

Previous year question papers, have reflected that an indepth insight of the subject is strongly needed to write a winning answer. Achieving good marks in science and technology is just a matter of good thought process and learning rather than just a collection of facts.

Focused approach and innovative methods

A new dimension thus promises a new direction to tackle and solve the most challenging questions of the Civil Services Exam with a confidence by:

Concept building and understanding of the subject.

Innovative learning and development of thought process with notes & study material.
Reading regular updates of the topics with current affairs and their correlation with the concepts.
Pursue regular objective & subjective tests.

and Good Study material.

What we suggest you to study –

1. NCERT Books for Science Class VIII, IX, X and also XI & XII for selected topics ( refer for topics )
2. The Hindu
4. Yojana and Kurukshetra (for selected topics only)
5. India year Book 2016 (for selected topics only)
6. The Frontline (selected articles or issues)
7. All India Radio (Current Affairs Programmes)

Refer All innovations and research related to India and those impacts globally like God Particles.

Focus on concept rather than material gathering and read Lucent Gk and TMH GS Manual Science portion for basic understanding as well.

All the best.

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