Some Important Constitutional Amendment
The 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act brought a number of changes in the Constitution. The Act inter-alia gave preponderance to the Directive Principles of State Policy over the Fundamental Rights. Established the supremacy of Parliament and curtailed the powers of Judiciary. The Act was first of its kind. It was the most comprehensive Act and touched almost all the sensitive areas of the Constitution.
The Constitution (Tenth Amendment) Act, 1961
The Tenth Amendment integrates the areas of Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli with the Union of India and provides for their administration under the regulation making powers of the President.
The Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1962
The main object of the Amendment was to add Union Territories of Goa, Daman and Diu to the Union of India and for this First Schedule of the Constitution was amended.
The Constitution (Thirteenth Amendment) Act, 1962
The Act provides the creation of Nagaland as the Sixteenth State of the Union. The Amendment provides also for the vesting of certain special responsibilities in the Governor of Nagaland.
The Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 1963
The amendment raised the retirement age of High Court Judges from 60 to 62 years. It also empowered the various High Courts to hear cases against the Union Government.
To be continued…